The City of Kinshasa

Formerly known as Leopoldville, Kinshasa is one of the largest cities in sub-Saharan Africa and the capital city of the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is located approximately 470 kilometres away from the Atlantic Ocean. Kinshasa is a distinct political entity with a governor, and Kinois is the name given to the people living in Kinshasa. The city is more than just DRC’s capital. It has dynamic and contradictory elements that have shaped DRC into the character it is in modern Africa today.

Kinshasa is home to vibrant music heritage. With a population of approximately ten million inhabitants, it is rich in cultural diversity. It is regarded as the birthplace of Congolese rhumba, a well-known dance music genre influenced by numerous foreign cultures. Music is an important facilitator of social cohesiveness and intercultural communication in Kinshasa. The city is also home to several recording facilities, such as the Olympia and Ngoma, where pioneering performers and ensembles like Ok jazz and African Jazz came up with debuts.


City Site and Climate

Kinshasa spreads out southward from the Congo River’s stretch, the Malebo Pool. The city is situated on a plain that rises mostly between 270 and 360 meters above sea level and is partially surrounded by higher land. Some main crops commonly grown in Kinshasa include sugarcane, maize, beans, and oil palms, to mention a few. These crops are grown in the highly farmed savanna and the gallery forest surrounding the city.

The city experiences a hot climate throughout the year, with a dry season that begins in May and ends in September. The rainy seasons begin in October and end in May. Basically, the city experiences an average annual rainfall of slightly over 60 inches. While storms with heavy rain are common in the area, they rarely last for longer than just a few hours.

April is the hottest month of the year in Kinshasa, recording a minimum daily temperature of 22 degrees centigrade and a maximum daily temperature of approximately 35 degrees centigrade. The equivalent temperatures are 15 degrees centigrade and 28 degrees centigrade, respectively, for July, the coolest month experienced in Kinshasa. The higher suburbs are slightly cooler than the central city.

Population

As previously mentioned, Kinshasa is home to approximately 10 million inhabitants. Initially, the population increased gradually, but then quickly after 1940. In 1889, the city recorded a population of approximately 5,000 people, which later increased to approximately 23,000 by 1923. The number doubled roughly every five years after 1950, and by the start of the 21st century, the number was close to 5 million, with a large portion of the population residing in the squatting zones.

Growth in government and Congolese migration are two factors that have contributed significantly to population growth. The population increase has also been attributed to Kinshasa’s widened boundaries. People living in Kinshasa are mostly young (under 22), with a minuscule part of the population above 50.

The Economy of Kinshasa

Despite its previous violent background, Kinshasa is currently a thriving economic center. Most foreign businesses with operations in the DRC keep an office in Kinshasa. Additionally, most Congolese businesses have their corporate headquarters in Kinshasa. The city is the largest consumer hub and the nation’s economic activity center.

Essentially, Kinshasa is the perfect place to invest, taking that the city dominates the country’s financial scene. Numerous charity and non-governmental organizations are based in Kinshasa, in addition to all foreign diplomatic posts.



DRC is the fourth largest producer of copper. It also generates approximately 70% of all cobalt used around the world. Since the country is a commercial and financial hub, Kinshasa, being the capital city, stands to earn significantly as the nation has the potential to develop into Saudi Arabia of the electric vehicle era.

Investors can also direct their funds toward the rampant brewing, textile, and food processing industries. These areas are among the city’s other major sectors. The economy also benefits from the construction industry and a variety of service industries. While Kinshasa’s transportation system is widely considered substandard, good roads serve the city well.

Generally, Kinshasa is currently the best place to invest in Africa. The city is experiencing an improving business climate, contains immeasurable natural resources, and there is the liberalization of the energy sector.