The name “Congo” is derived from the Congo River, which runs through the heart of the country. As of 2015, the Democratic Republic of Congo DRC was the poorest country in the world. Although it has one of the highest crime rates, its population is constantly growing.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is the only country in the world where the western and eastern gorillas live. Bonobos are found only in the Congo, and the country is home to the eastern and western varieties of the great ape. Once numbering in the millions, the populations of these primates have declined due to habitat destruction and hunting. Today, however, they are protected under international law, the Democratic Republic of the Confederation of African Union Resolution 1444, which was passed in April 2014, aims to protect the apes.
In 1997 Laurent Kabila through a coup succeeded Mobutu Sese Seko and renamed the country the Democratic Republic of the Congo. This civil war, which has been dubbed Africa’s first world war, continues to plague the country’s eastern regions. Joseph Kabila was installed as the president after his father was asassinated by his bodyguard on 18 January 2001.
The political situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is very unstable and marked by armed conflict and human rights violations. The Kasai region in the center of the country was affected by the conflict in 2016 and is still affected by ethnic militias. The violence in the region has forced the displacement of 2.1 million people, while the United Nations reported that over 1.3 million children are suffering from severe acute malnutrition. Nonetheless, there are some positive signs that the Congo has a more stable and productive future.
The DRC was resilient in the year of 2020. Although the world economy had been affected by the global recession, this country’s heavily commodities-dependent economy has remained relatively resilient. The World Bank predicted a negative GDP growth of 3.5 percent in 2020, but the Central bank of the Congo estimated a growth of 0.8 percent in the same year. By October 2020, copper exports were forecast to total about one million tons, which is the highest figure since the beginning of the conflict.