The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is a country in Central Africa. Formerly known as Zaire, the country is the second largest in Africa and the 11th largest in the world. With a population of over 60 million people, it is a land of natural beauty and plenty to do for travelers. The DRC is also the third-most populous African nation and one of the most dangerous.
During the last two decades, the Congo DRC has been plagued by conflicts. The congolese government referred numerous international crimes to the ICC in 2004. In July 2003, the ICC started its first investigation into the DRC. The first case involved crimes committed in the Ituri region. In 2014, the UN Security Council authorized an offensive brigade to support the state army in combating the rebels. The first Congolese elections were held in 2006.
The DRC’s current president is Felix Antoine Tshisekedi Tshilombo, son of long-time opposition leader Etienne Tshisekedi. In 2015, the March 23 Movement rebelled against the congolese government, allegedly supported by the Rwandan government. However, the March 23 Movement was allegedly supported by Rwandan authorities. The DRC state army defeated the March23 Movement in 2013, resulting in a massive capital flight.
Although the DRC is still plagued by political instability, the region is not without hope. As the world economy continues to suffer from a downturn, Congo DRC is expected to recover in 2020. As a result, the country’s commodities-dependent economy did not suffer as much as anticipated. The World Bank had forecast negative GDP growth for 2020, but the Central Bank of the Congo has projected a 0.8 percent GDP growth for the year. The CentralBank of the DRC attributes this growth to the “dynamism” of the region’s extractive activity. By October 2020, copper exports are estimated to total 1.31 million tons, up from 1.42 million tons in 2019.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo is home to several species of great apes. The eastern and western gorilla are found in the Congo, and it is the only country in the world where bonobos live. The population of these primates once reached millions but has been decimated due to hunting and habitat destruction. While it is important to protect the region’s native fauna, the DRC’s natural beauty isn’t the only factor impacting the economy.
The DRC’s economy is heavily dependent on mineral prices, which helped sustain economic growth in the years prior to the outbreak of the COVID-19 virus. In 2016, the government declared a transitional government in the country. By July 2020, the country will hold multi-party elections, which are the first in the DRC’s history. While there are many challenges in the country, it is a country with great natural beauty.